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TERPENDER (c. 712 - c. 645 BC)

According to Strabo, Terpander, a native poet and musician of Antissa in Lesvos. He is said to have invented a seven-stringed instrument resembling a lyre, called a 'kithara' by increasing the number of strings from four to seven.

Terpander won a prize for music with that instrument at the 26th Olympiad held in Sparta, and he established a school for musicians there. He is also created a system of musical notation. While there is evidence that such lyres existed before Terpander's time, there is a representation of such a lyre on a pot from Old Smyrna dated to the second half of the seventh century -- the time when Terpander won his reputation.

Terpander is said to have started the first music schools in Sparta. He is thought to have sung poems similar to the Homeric hymns. His name is associated with the form of a song sacred to Apollo known as the nome. He is also considered the founder of lyric poetry.


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